Bodh Gaya (Buddhist Pilgrimages )
Buddhgaya / Bodhgaya, where prince Siddhartha became Buddha. Lies 10 kms away from another sacred Hindu city; Gaya ( gone ),
the city where ghosts get rid of this life. Situated on the bank of river Niranjana, a small village, slowly getting converted to a real
multinational / multi monastic zone city where one can find either monasteries from many Buddhist countries – Thai, Myanmar, China,
Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Laos, Tibet, Nepal and many more or the hotels ( about 100 hotels, guest houses or dharmshalas ) and shops to
supply everything to every one – handicrafts, decorative items, flowers, food, vegetables anything you need at a place like this
pilgrims as well as tourist place.
General Information ||
How To Reach ||
Bodhi Tree ||
Maha Bodhi Temple ||
Shaivite Monastery ||
Bodh Gaya Museum ||
General Information about Bodh Gaya Bihar
Country : India
State : Bihar
Location : 30 Kilometers from the holy city of Varanasi.
Climate : Summer (March to June) - Warm; Monsoon (July to August)- Warm; Winter (November to February) - Cool and Pleasant.
Best time to visit : October to February
Significance : One of the four holiest places for the Buddhists. Buddha got enlightenment at this place.
Languages : English, Hindi, Bhojpuri and Magahi.
Festival : Buddha Jayanti in Vaishakh Purnima in the month of May. Sangha Dana on every Full Moon day.Anagarika Dharmapala Birth anniversary on 17th September every year.Boddhisatva Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Jayanti on 14th April.The Revival day for Buddhism in Modern India on 14th October.Peace prayer meetings every year in the month of October.
Tourist Attraction in Bodh Gaya Bihar
The Bodhi Tree : The Bodhi tree is an auspicious ficus tree, the fifth generation plant of the original one, under which prince Siddhartha had attained enlightenment or the perfect knowledge. Under the tree is the Vajrasan, the platform on which Siddhartha had sat in meditation. Close to Vajrasan is Buddhapada, the footprints of the Buddha on stone and Chaukramana, the Jewel Walk, where it is believed that the Buddha strolled while in deep thought. Many sacred trees in India and other countries are originally raised from seeds brought from the ancient Bodh Gaya tree. Bhikkhuni Sanghamitra, daughter of the Indian emperor, Ashoka had taken a shoot of the original Bodhi tree to Sri Lanka in the 3rd century BCE, where it was planted by the Sri Lankan ruler, Devanampiya Tissa at the Mahavira monastery in Anuradhapura, and is still a sacred place for the Buddhists.
How To Reach Bodhgaya
The Maha Bodhi Temple : Bodh Gaya is the home to the ancient temple of Lord Buddha, located just east of the Bodhi tree. The temple's architecture is superb and has a beautiful stone railing around it. The Maha Bodhi temple has a 150 feet high tower, which contains a gilded colossal image of the Buddha in the 'bhumisparsha mudra' or touching the ground pose. The original shrine here is believed to have been raised by an Indian emperor Ashoka. Depicted on the walls of the temple are scenes from Buddha's life. The basement of the present temple is 15m square, 15m in length as well as in breadth and its height is 52m which rises in the form of a slender pyramid tapering off from a square platform. A museum in the vicinity has gold, bronze and stone images of the Buddha.
Shaivite Monastery : The Shaivite monastery is situated adjacent to the Maha Bodhi temple, and has a cluster of four temples. These temples are surrounded by enchanting greenery and marked by architectural marvels and have several 'samadhis' in their vicinity.
Bodh Gaya Museum : The Bodh Gaya museum fulfills the requirement of religious art lovers as it initiates one into the age of the Buddha's centered art forms. The museum houses artistic Buddhist sculpture collection from 1st century BCE to the 11th century CE.
Other Monasteries : A number of Tibetan, Japanese and Burmese monasteries are located around the Maha Bodhi temple. The Tibetan monastery houses the massive Dharma Chakra or the Wheel of Law, while the Japanese monastery is famous for conducting vital discourse on Buddhism.
Jagannath Temple : The Jagannath temple is dedicated to the Hindu God Shiva, and has a statue of the deity, carved in glistening black stone.
Nearby Attractions : Gaya and Barabar cave are two of the major attractions near the holy place of Bodh Gaya. Gaya is a place of religious sanctity for the Hindus and lies 12 kilometers from Bodh Gaya between Pretshila and Ramshila hills. It has a large number of the Buddhist temples. The Barabar caves are 32 kilometers away from Bodh Gaya and presents a vivid picture of the Buddhist architecture.
Airways : Gaya, 12 kilometers away from Bodh Gaya, is the main access station to reach Bodh Gaya. Gaya owns an international airport, which connects it directly to Colombo and Bangkok.
Railways : Gaya has an important railway station with services from many parts of India.
Roadways : Gaya and Bodh Gaya, both are well connected by roadways to other major cities such as Patna, the state capital of Bihar and Ranchi, the state capital of Jharkhand. Bodh Gaya is connected to Gaya by regular and frequent transport services and can easily be reached within half an hour or so, as it is just 12 kilometers away.