What is Buddhism
Buddhism first came to be in the world in the 6th century BCE, and has remained a prominent philosophy
since its inception till today. It started in present day Nepal, when Siddhartha Gautama, born a prince,
attained enlightenment at the age of 29 during a period of intense asceticism. Soon after this, he was
requested to teach, and as a result taught the first Wheel of Dharma.
The Four Noble Truths
The essence of Buddhism is centered in the real world deliberation of a lasting solution to the recurrent
strife and discontent brought on by superfluous efforts to maintain materialistic societal agendas.
Philosophical pondering, according to Buddhism, is best reserved for the point in the future where the
mind has successfully broken free of the mundane cycles of repetitive sorrow that plague the everyman.
For metaphysical speculation, the mind needs to be trained in the meditation of examining the
credibility of truths.
1. The Truth of Dukkha:
The implication of Dukkha can be identified in three broad categories; the first is the Dukkha of
suffering, which entails the general pains of the due course of life, which include the events of birth,
life, illness, and death. The second is the Dukkha caused by change, which essentially stems from the
inability to adapt to the constant changeability of situations, people or things. The third is the
Dukkha of conditioning, which is experienced by all forms of life, and induced by the ignorance of
the impermanence and lack of substance of any living form.
2. The Truth of the Origin of Dukkha:
The origin of Dukkha occurs with the birth of craving, and of craving there are three kinds; the first is
the craving for sensory pleasures, and the pursuit of materialistic facilitation of the same. The
second is the craving to be. It is the desire to exist as an entity with a past, future, and substantial
value in the universe. The third is the craving to not be. This is the passionate desire to be separated
from any sources of pain.
3. The Truth of the Cessation of Dukkha:
Cessation is the aim of the Buddhist practice. It can be described as the decisive end of all kinds and
causes of dissatisfaction in life. It can be attained by developing a deep and intricate understanding
of the causes of suffering, like craving and ignorance.
4. The Truth of the Path Leading to the Cessation of Dukkha:
The path leading to the cessation of Dukkha consists of an eightfold concept, enlisting the conduct
of Right View, Intention, Speech, Action, Livelihood, Effort, Mindfulness, and Concentration. These
could be viewed as the guidelines for the conduct of consequential dimensions of behavior,
amounting as a whole to a path to release, or as a sequence of stages leading to insight.
The Middle Path:
The Middle Path is the essential guiding principle of the Buddhist philosophy, and spans several aspects
of non extremism. It expounds the merits of moderation between the extremes of self mortification and
self indulgence, as well as that of the metaphysical points of view of the nature of things. All dualities of
the world are deemed delusory, and the dawning of this realization is the attainment of Nirvana. The
philosophy of the Middle Path extends further to include the avoidance of the extremities of
permanence and nihilism, expounding the virtue of the acceptance of the lack of inherent value in