Buddhist Pilgrimages in Thailand
Located in Southeast Asia, The Kingdom of Thailand is surrounded by Laos and Cambodia in the eastern side, Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia in the southern side and Andaman Sea and Mynmar in the west. With an area of 513,000 sqkm, Thailand is the 49th largest country in the world. The capital city is Bangkok.
The terrain of the country is mostly mountainous in the northern region and flat in the centre. The climate is tropical characterised by monsoons. From mid-May to September, it is rainy, warm and cloudy while from November to mid-March, it is dry and cool. The Southern isthmus is always hot and humid.
The capital as well as the largest city of Thailand, Bangkok is one of the 22 megacities of the world. It is located on the east bank of the Chao Phraya River, near the Gulf of Thailand. Bangkok is not particularly an old capital city since it was founded in 1782 when King Rama I moved here from the city across the river. Since then, it has been the hot spot of Thailand's political, commercial and cultural life.
For tourists, Bangkok holds aplenty of attractions. There are Buddhist temples, palaces, museums, parks and a host of other sightseeing places. The best time to visit Bangkok is in between the months of August to February.
The southern Thai Ayutthaya period of the 14th to 18th centuries brought an influx of new architectural ideas from Sri Lanka. Perhaps the most beautifully preserved of Thailand's medieval monuments are at the Ayutthaya historical park, north of Bangkok. Of special interest are stupas with characteristic Thai "lotus bud" domes, and temple towers showing the influence both of medieval Khmer design and of "honeycombed" south Indian shikhara towers.