Sarnath Buddhist Pilgrimages near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India

Sarnath Varanasi image

General information about Sarnath Varanasi

Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Location 10 Kilometers from the holy city of Varanasi
Best time to visit October to March
Tourist places to visit Sarnath Stupa (Dhamekh Stupa/Dharmrajika Stupa) , Chaukhandi Stupa , Sarnath Museum , Mulagandh Kuti Vihara , Bodhi Tree , Deer Park (Rishipattana) , Sri Lankan Buddhist Temple
Significance Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon
Nearby Tourist Places Varanasi , Kushinagar , Allahabad and Kaushambi

Location of Sarnath-Buddha’s First Sermon Site

Just 10 Kilometers away from sacred cultural capital of India Varanasi place of first sermon of Lord Buddha lay in state of Uttar Pradesh.

How to reach Sarnath

Sarnath is easily accessible by all means of transport from Varanasi. You can take train, bus, auto-rickshaws or private cabs from Varanasi to Sarnath. You can book private cabs from Varanasi to Sarnath.

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Best Time to Visit Sarnath

Best time to visit Sarnath is from October to March. It is pleasant weather for outdoor explorations except in extreme winters.

Weather and Climate of Sarnath

Since Sarnath is in sub-tropical India it experiences mostly summer winter and monsoon. You can visit in any weather except in extreme summers.

Tourist places to visit in Sarnath

Some of the most important tourist places of Sarnath are related to Buddhism . Dhamekh Stupa (Dharmrajika Stupa) , Chaukhandi Stupa , Archaeological Museum, Bodhi Tree , Mulagandh Kuti Vihara , Ashokan 4 Lion Capitol, Deer Park (Rishipattana) is some of the best tourist places in Sarnath. Besides, there are numerous ancient Hindu Temple like Durga Temple , Jain Pilgrimage and many more attractions.

Nearby Tourist places to visit Sarnath

Sarnath is well connected to many ancient pilgrimage and tourist attractions of India. Some of the places to mention as nearby tourist attractions of Sarnath are Varanasi , Bodhgaya , Kushinagar , Allahabad , Sravasti, Kaushambi. These places are well accessible from Sarnath. So, most of them could be visited as Day Tour sites from Sarnath once you are in Sarnath.

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Significance of Sarnath

Most significant aspect of Sarnath is that it is placeof first sermon of Lord Buddha near Varanasi in India.

It is also mentioned as Isipattan (Rhishipattana in Sanskrit) where Rishis (sages) used to land from Himalaya for the pilgrimage to Kashi (the city of illumination, the city of light), and Mrigday in Jatak tales which deals with one of the previous life of Buddha, when He was here as the king of deers.

Sarangnath may also have derived from the word Sarang (deer) Nath (master / king). Buddha spent six rainy seasons here including the very first one, when he formed Buddha Sangha.

Festivals in Sarnath

Festivals in Sarnath Full Moon day of Vaishakha (April-May) celebrated as Buddha's birth and enlightenment. The Full Moon in the month of Asadh (July-August) rejoiced as the anniversary of Buddha's first sermon (Asalha Day). You can also enjoy Hindu Festivals like Holi and Diwali in Sarnath. There are many Jain Festivals celebrated in Sarnath every year.

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Contribution of Asoka the Great for Sarnath

Emperor Ashok constructed three memorial stupa (Mool Gandh Kuti, place where Buddha used to stay in Sarnath; fragrant cottage; Dhammek stupa; the place of first sermon and Chaukhandi stupa ; the meeting place with first five disciples.

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Buddhism in Sarnath-

Sarnath is the first place of sermon of Lord Buddha. It has Sarnath Museum where major archeological findings are placed. Sarnath also houses India’s the emblem Lion Capitol. Place is deeply associated with Buddhism. It sees highest Buddhist pilgrimage on Asalha Day.


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